Conversations with the Living: The Haitian AIDS Crisis

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Archive for the ‘Haitian Elections’ Category

Production Diary Day: 67 + 2 Years

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10:00 PST: It has been a while since I’ve posted. The last couple of weeks have been a bit of a blur. I have been so engaged in the day to day and I’m just now finding my bearings, taking note of all that has happened and wrapping my mind around what it all means.  I have even managed to go a few days without speaking to ML, which rarely happens. We will be catching up Sunday via phone.

So, we are overdue for a Conversations Production update.

Now that ML has nailed down the narrative, the few gaps that still need patching up are awaiting the expertise of a few of our contacts in Haiti. I have reached out to Dr. Marie Deschamps at GHESKIO, who has received international recognition for her contributions to HIV/AIDS care and is an incredible advocate for the women and children of Haiti.

I’ve also reached out a few times to John Dieubon, co-founder of Planting Peace, who runs the daily operations of their orphanages in Haiti. John is also the founder of Project Papillon, which manages 4 orphanages, and a neighborhood school (Ayiti Papillon Academy).

We have received word from the Rainbow House (Maison l’Arc-en-Ciel), which was founded in 1996 and is a 24-hour medical care for children receiving antiviral medication for HIV. They also serve as a residence for children orphaned by HIV/AIDS and function as an outreach center for approximately 100 families affected by HIV/AIDS.  Perhaps, most importantly they provide education and training to community-based organizations, enabling them to address medical and social issues surrounding HIV/AIDS in their communities.

This message of acceptance and engagement of young individuals affected by HIV in their communities is part of what our film explores and what these organizations advocate in the communities in which they work.

So while awaiting response in order to set-up phone calls or additional correspondence, I am writing grants and making use of every millisecond available.

I’ll leave you with a thought (which is another posting altogether). With the explosion of revolutionary movements sweeping the Middle East and Africa (although with little media attention on Africa) people are making their voices heard and are demanding democracy. Rulers across the region and the world are scared that decades of control will vanish when the powerful force of the people takes hold – people willing to die for freedom from misery and the possibility of democracy. Even here in the US the assault on democracy is and has been under severe attack, and the working people and the poor have had enough.

I am left thinking about a supposed Haitian “democracy” that has proven to leave its citizens with no homes, no work, no health care, and no real government support for decades.  As the Haitian runoff elections approach, the choices Haitians are left will quite possibly lead to more of the same.  As always, our hope remains that Haiti’s next leader will oversee its government and people with an agenda for real change, but if it is more of the same, what will the Haitian people do?

Thank you for reading our production blog – please also check out and subscribe to our official site on word press for daily news updates on Haiti brought to you by GC.

– LC


A New Leader Ready to Serve the People of Haiti?

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I recently had a phone call with Johnson, one of our scouts on the ground in Haiti. He blared the music of Michel ”Sweet Micky” Martelly over the phone and sang along proclaiming, “I love this music, and everyone is loving this music”. It seems many people in his Carrefour neighborhood are playing the music of “Sweet Micky” these days – but what of Martelly’s inclusion in the upcoming runoff election?

The decision to reverse the results of the candidates included in the upcoming runoff election was announced a few weeks ago after the Organisation of American States (OAS) found the original election results to be fraudulent, favoring Jude Celestin of the INITE (Unity) Party, who was supported in his campaign by current President Rene Preval.

The runoff will now include Mirlande Manigat of the Rally of Progressive National Democrats (RDNP) Party, and Michel “Sweet Micky” Martelly. The runoff has been rescheduled for March 20 and people are asking the same question that was posed months ago – should there be new elections altogether?

The decision to reverse the results of the first round polls was met with relative calm on the streets, but the question of legitimacy regarding the initial elections and the upcoming runoff elections is a major topic of conversation among human rights advocates, political analysts and Haitian citizens alike. Many displaced Haitians and registered voters were unable to cast their ballots, and several candidates, even entire parties, were excluded from running in the race, including the Fanmi Lavalas party, a political party with major popular support in Haiti.  Even though the argument against the exclusionary elections was made prior to the initial elections, US and foreign governments supported the Haitian Electoral Council’s flawed process.

Now with the OAS results, although not accepted by the Haiti’s Provi­sional Electoral Council (CEP), the US and the United Nations (UN) welcome the decision and hope that Celestin’s exclusion will “clear the way for a more stable political climate and allow international aid efforts to be stepped up”, however many question the intentions of the US and foreign governments and criticize their interference both before and after the elections. Human rights groups believe that the US government used its tremendous power and influence to determine the outcome of the first round of elections and “denied Haitians the opportunity to express their will.” One can’t help but ask how western economic interests played into the support of the initial elections, how they are currently manipulating Haitian politics, and why the typical pattern of exploitation has in no way ceased since the earthquake of January 12, 2010.

The US has always used its influence as a powerful nation to get what it wants from the poorest countries in the world. Although the election results were in question, the final decision to exclude Celestin was forced upon Haiti, “literally under the threat of starvation.” The US has yet to manage distribution of promised aid to the country since the devastating earthquake and is using delivery of this aid and continued support to even further impose their will over the people in their struggle for democracy.

Even with Celestin excluded, most people are still missing the point – the elections were a fraud from the beginning. Many argue that the two candidates now participating in the runoff do not represent the people, and most would argue that neither does Celestin.

Haiti is entangled in an intense political crisis and Mark Weisbrot, co-director of the Washington-based Center for Economic Policy and Research believes, “This attempt to impose an illegitimate government on Haiti will backfire.” Haitian civil society groups, political parties, the Congressional Black Caucus and several U.S. human rights groups are calling for new, inclusive elections as the only practical solution to Haiti’s election crisis.

To make matters more complicated, the runoff elections are following the controversial return of previous president and dictator, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier on January 16th, who has run into corruption and human rights charges. And more recently news that the Council of Ministers has agreed to issue a diplomatic passport to former President, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who has been in exile in South Africa for almost seven years, following a 2004 US backed coup d’état has stirred up further controversy. Both men bring with them a history tainted with decades of political instability, civil unrest and corruption.

Aristide still has a lot of popular support, as he was Haiti’s first democratically elected leader, and said recently that he is ready to return to his homeland “today, tomorrow, at any time”, but has yet to return.  Some fear his return could upset an already confused presidential and legislative elections process.

Preval’s mandate has formally ended, but parliament has approved his stay until May 14th so he can hand over to an elected successor.

The innumerable issues present both before and after the January earthquake only fuel the tensions surrounding Haiti’s upcoming runoff elections. Democracy in Haiti has a long way to go, and her most vulnerable and under-represented citizens continue to hope that what will come of this lengthily and flawed “democratic” process is a new leader ready to serve the people of Haiti, but most, quite justifiably, have their doubts.

– LC

The View from the Hotel Karibe

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Nearly five days after the infamous “Baby Doc” returned to Haiti, theories as to why he returned are floating around everywhere. His legal representation, Reynold Georges, was asked if “Baby Doc” held political aspirations. Georges made it clear that “Baby Doc” is a political man and has the right to serve two terms as President in Haiti, stating “That is right. Because under this new constitution, and let me tell you I am one of the persons who wrote that constitution, he has the right to do two mandates. Two!”

Also, regarding the charges of corruption and theft, Georges cited the “Statute of limitations” and added that it has been ten years so people should “Shut up” about it. These charges, he insists were not made in due time and cannot stand.

Regardless of the legalities and what comes of the charges – Shut up! – That’s all you’ve got? We are talking about charges of millions plundered from the people of Haiti, who were terrorized and victimized for decades under the Duvalier regime. Let’s hope that if any headway is made with the accusations of crimes against humanity, that he will come back with a little more than “Shut up!”. Even though a statute of limitation does not generally apply to these kinds of crimes, we are unsure of how the Haitian legal system will handle the accusations, and “Baby Doc” might be tied up in legal proceedings for the rest of his natural life.

Theories held regarding his return now include health problems, as he is said to be suffering from late stage pancreatic cancer and has returned to Haiti to die. It is also thought that the US orchestrated his return to pressure President Préval, or that Préval engineered his return to warn away Aristide. Then there is the Swiss bank issue and the requirement for him to return in order to access $6.2 million in a Swiss bank funds that some say have been blocked unless he faces and is cleared of charges. Some say he has just returned to see Haiti.

“Baby Doc” still has little to say for himself, as Georges and wife Veronique Roy do most of the talking, but it seems the two contradict each other. Roy insists his return is not politcally motivated, Georges has outright said that it is. Only time will tell.

So I guess while he is awaiting legal decisions to be made regarding his fate he is getting a fairly close look at Haiti and its people while he hangs out at the super posh Karibe Hotel in Petionville.


“Baby Doc” Duvalier Returns to Haiti

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News hit yesterday that Former Haitian president, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier, 59, has unexpectedly returned to Haiti after 25 years in exile, primarily in France.

A Brief history – “Baby Doc” was the ruler of Haiti from 1971-1986. He succeeded his father, François “Papa Doc” Duvalier as “President for Life” upon his father’s death in 1971, becoming the world’s youngest president at the age of nineteen. He remained so until his overthrow by a popular uprising in 1986, when he was ousted by a revolt after his family and supporters were accused of stealing millions of dollars in government funds.

“Baby Doc” was incapable of properly running the country, resulting in no substantial or essential changes to his father’s regime, which was a dictatorship, based on corruption, repression, and human rights violations. Like his father, “ Baby Doc” relied on the Tontons Macoutes, a brutal militia that controlled Haiti through violence and intimidation.

Many of the youth in Haiti were not alive when “Baby Doc” he was forced into exile, but they have inherited the country that was left behind, and are aware of his legacy, that with the support of the United States government and France crippled the Haitian economy and its people in nearly every way. Although he has a small base of support, how the majority of Haitians respond to his return, both young and old will solidify if he is welcome in Haiti or not. The Haitian people have struggled to have their voices heard and were possibly never more silenced than during the reign of the Duvaliers.

When asked why he chose to return now after nearly three decades, he simply stated that he has “come to help”. His current wife, Veronique Roy, has been doing most of the talking, and has expressed that “Baby Doc” was supposedly moved by the images of the year anniversary of the January earthquake and the recent portrayal of Haiti in the media – begging the question – when in the past 25 years hasn’t Haiti been portrayed poorly by the mainstream media? When haven’t the images accessible on major TV news and Internet been appalling and ripe for concern? Why has he really decided to return now?

Some claim he is broke after years in exile and from his divorce; others think it is a tactic to intensifying the confusion in the post-election political crisis and was planned by current President Rene Preval. Human rights groups are pushing for his immediate arrest and detainment for theft and crimes against humanity committed during his presidency, while they acknowledge his right to return to his home country, they are demanding justice for the Haitian people.

It has been said that the majority of Haitian leaders have been thieves and liars, it just depends on who you talk to in Haiti – so what of the return of Aristide? This too is said to be on the horizon.

Neither is said to be returning as a presidential candidate, yet as a civilian to “help” the people of Haiti.

Aristide’s Return?

Demonstrators are demanding the return of former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Many Haitians feel he is the only one who cares about Haiti’s situation and ever really had the interests of the Haitian people in mind.

Once again it depends on who you ask, but he was the only democratically elected president is Haiti’s history. He received 67% of the popular vote, landing him the presidency from 1994 to 1996 and again from 2001 to 2004 before he was ousted in February 2004 by a US orchestrated coup d’état against him, when he was forced into exile in South Africa.

The people of Haiti are calling upon President Rene Preval to keep his promise that he made over four years ago during his election to allow Aristide to return to Haiti. This has yet to happen although Aristide has expressed his desire and intentions to return.

During his exile Aristide has maintained a large support base, especially with the poor in Haiti, which is the majority. The exclusion of his party Fanmi Lavalas, a populist leftist party in Haiti, in the recent November Presidential elections was a subject of great debate.

Amidst the results of a November 28 election and allegations of vote rigging by the current party in power, the return of “Baby Doc” and possible return of Aristide is a cause of great concern, especially now as Haitians exist in a constant state of crisis and political and civil unrest. The people are already, and for good reason, up in arms. There is a lot of history, inexplicably brutal and painful history with these two men that one must understand in order to understand the current state of Haiti.

Haiti’s people (Her greatest asset) are ready for change – to move forward, but must be given a chance with leadership that is willing to take responsibility for Haiti and her people, and many fear that the return of these former leaders, even as civilians, will not only complicate the political environment, but create even greater chaos in a nation plagued by one disaster after another.

We will be following the news regarding Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier’s return and the possible return of Jean Bertrand Aristide. Please also follow us on Twitter for updates.


The State of Haiti’s Current Government in Pictures

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Yes, yet another before and after… Only this shows the Presidential Palace fresh after being built…

And this is the Presidential Palace needing to be rebuilt.

Just a reminder that there’s a long way to go. Though the case can be made that the dilapidated palace is symbolic of the state of the Haitian government for most of recent history, save for a few years here and there.

22:23 EST: Apparently, things just got more dilapidated in Haitian government circles. News outlets report Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier has returned to Haiti. The disasters just continue to rain down on this poor country.

January 12th – 1 Year Later

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So, it’s been almost one full year since the cataclysmic earthquake that devastated Port Au Prince and it’s outlying areas. Haiti’s already unstable infrastructure and volatile political structure took a violent  hit; one that may potentially take another century to fully recover from.

In the quake’s aftermath we saw the international community stand up in a show of solidarity; vowing to help this unfortunate island state to rebuild. Countries all over the world pledged billions of dollars and endless amounts of manpower to assist in recovery.

Out of the spotlight celebrities and politicos worldwide dusted off their camouflage and khakis, without a doubt tweaking their press conference speeches on chartered Gulf stream jet rides to the Dominican Republic, as they prepped for the cameras documenting their forays across the St. Domingue/Ayiti border.

Hell, we even had Haitian politicians finally fessing up and promising to put aside their petty banana republic ideological differences and do what’s best for the country.

In the US, Haitian Americans and ex-pats united in a way that hadn’t been seen since the days of the 4 H’s in the 1980’s. Haitian groups were organizing, planning, plotting, and pontificating at an insane rate; guided by the simple premise of rebuilding this once proud nation into the land that L’Ouverture and Dessalines would have envisioned. There were fund raisers, records, and conversations with the UN. We even united Bubba and Dubya!

Haiti was finally on the map, and for those of us that lost family and possessions on January 12, 2011, there was hope. Then a funny thing happened over the next year.

Absolutely nothing.

Gede Greg Cee

A New Year in Haiti?

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As 2011 approaches, the hopes of many Haitian’s remain alive even as their nation’s future hangs in the balance. Haiti’s current condition can make a vision for improvement difficult to believe in and embrace, but the possibilities in Haiti are as endless as the critical issues currently paralyzing the nation and those that have plagued it for centuries.

Haiti’s self-sufficiency lies in the ability of the population to be a part of helping rebuild and maintain the nation. Out of Haiti’s nearly 9 million people, over 3,600,000 are under the age of 15. These children must be given a chance at a proper education and employment, a chance at life. If those who now barely survive are given the opportunity to thrive, they can make Haiti a stronger nation; change their own lives and their country.

The youth I’ve spoken to want the opportunity to better themselves in order to give back to their country, create possibilities for the next generation and give back to their parents who have struggled to feed, clothe, educate and house them. Without the resources and opportunity this generation and the next will continue to face decades of despair and suffering.

The stories of Haiti’s youth are heartbreaking. Some are full of hope, others void of any hope or expectation.

Our team at Conversations With the Living corresponds with our young friends in Haiti regularly. An e-mail message sent the other day from Carrefour read –

” The candle is lighting on both ends in Haiti. I hope they give the people what they want. Everything is going really bad at this time: the disease, the elections, the rioting, and still no funds to live. I had never thought I would live such moments in my life. I ate something yesterday morning, but nothing else until now and it’s terrible. I’m ashamed to tell you about it, but you must know how we live here.”

When we met him he was full of dreams he is beginning to believe are unattainable. His life to date has been unimaginably difficult, but his correspondence has never before been so bleak.

We met him and his two friends in Port-au-Prince over a year ago while filming our documentary Conversations With the Living: Globalization and the Haitian AIDS Crisis. They approached us with confidence, asking simply, “What is your business in Haiti? Do you need translators? We would like to be with you while you are here.” We in fact needed translators, as our arrangements had fallen through, and they were excited to help. We were grateful to have them and learned a lot, very quickly, about what it is like to grow up in Haiti. Life was difficult for these young men at the time, but even more so now.

In the not so distant past, even while living in poverty with his mother and three siblings, he was able to help support his family through odd jobs and translating for visitors to Haiti, but he wanted to do more with his gifts. He was sure of his talents and his ability to one day attend a University, become a doctor and help his people. Although education is privatized he and his family managed to afford him the education that should be considered a human right of all children in Haiti.

He is a talented writer, excellent at math and science, speaks Creole, French, Spanish and English, and yet is left believing he has nowhere to go.

Each time I speak to him he asks, “Will I ever realize my dreams? There is nothing here. There is nothing for the youth in Haiti. We need to hear good things to hope we have a chance to get out of misery.”

After a long phone call, his voice changes from a saddened whisper to a hopeful tone, because he is reminded that people think about him and believe in him; that he has the tools to be a force for good if given the opportunity. So he holds on and hopes for change. Armed with the knowledge that the process will not be easy or fast.

The relentless spirit of the Haitian people, although battered, is a shining example of survival amongst the most extreme hardships. Amongst the crisis, the Haitian people should be recognized for their strength and unwavering patience after holding on for what seems like forever.

The young generation maintains hope while broken promises, centuries of systematic violence and decades of instability are their history and their reality. Although many Haitians are organizing, mobilizing their efforts to find justice in Haiti and undertaking peaceful protests across the country, often long-term organized movements and peaceful protests, by Haitians for Haitians, are overlooked, while violent protests, torching of government buildings and opposition to UN occupation make the headlines.

There is no shortage of stones to throw, quite literally, as they are still surrounded by the rubble of January’s disaster and armed with the experience to know that change will only come to Haiti if the majority is included. This is something they have always had to fight for; today, tomorrow and into the New Year this fight will continue.

People revolt when they have nothing left to lose.

“ Nothing to lose but their chains, they have a world or win” – Marx

Will 2011 be a New Year? or will it be more of the same? Will those with the power to implement the necessary changes do what they must or what they have always done?

– LC